Comparison between agricultural and urban ground-water quality in the Mobile River Basin

  • 38 Pages
  • 0.37 MB
  • English
U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Geological Survey, Branch of Information Services , Montgomery, Ala, Denver, CO
Groundwater -- Alabama -- Qu
Other titlesComparison between agricultural and urban ground water quality in the Mobile River Basin
Statementby James L. Robinson
SeriesWater-resources investigations report -- 03-4182
ContributionsGeological Survey (U.S.), National Water-Quality Assessment Program (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 38 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13632661M

The Mobile River Basin NAWQA study is intended to increase the scientific understanding of surface- and ground-water quality within the basin and the factors that influence water quality. The blue shiner is listed as a threatened species in Alabama. Ground-water quality in the shallow aquifer and the shallow subcrop of the Black Warrior River aquifer, underlying an agricultural and an urban area, is described and compared.

The agricultural and urban areas are located in central Alabama in Autauga, Elmore, Lowndes, Macon, Montgomery, and Tuscaloosa Counties. Get this from a library. Comparison between agricultural and urban ground-water quality in the Mobile River Basin.

[James L Robinson; Geological Survey (U.S.); National Water-Quality. Comparison between agricultural and urban groundwater quality in the Mobile River Basin, – J. Robinson Temporal Trends in Ground-Water. WRI Comparison between agricultural and urban ground-water quality in the Mobile River Basin,by J.L.

Robinson. WRI Shallow ground-water quality in agricultural areas of Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee,by J.A. Kingsbury.

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Agricultural Economics - Water quality and relationship between superficial and ground water in Rome (Aniene River basin, central Italy). Results show a general impairment of the system and the comparison between superficial waters and shallow ground waters makes it possible to detect the presence of a connection between the two levels.

Investigation of land use and water quality relationships is particularly useful in the case of pollution from diffused urban and agricultural sources (Allan et al.

; Baker ). Streamflow. Around km2 area comes under the Cauvery basin, which is nearly % of the total geographical area of the country. The basin is located between N and 13 0 28 N and 75 0 28 E and 79 0 52 E.

The catchment of the river basin lies in the states of Karnataka, Tamil. from urban area and farming land [1–4]. Studies demonstrate that surface water quality has deteriorated noticeably in many coun-tries in the past decades due to poor land use practices (e.g.

[1,5]), indicating by the strong relationships between declining water quality and increasing agricultural development at catch-ment scale [1,6]. The average river flow at the gauge in Sępopol (Polish–Russian border) in the study period (November –October ) was m 3 s −1, ranging from m 3 s −1 during the summer low water period to m 3 s −1 during spring floods.

The runoff per unit area is generally low (5–7 L km −2 s −1) due to moderate rainfall totals ( mm on average) and high. groundwater and agriculture. Agriculture is important in the Yahara watershed and interacts with the region's groundwater supply. This supply is changing due to trends in weather, municipal pumping, land use, and farming practices, which could affect crop access to groundwater and, in turn, the region's capacity to grow food.

What is the difference between a River Basin and a Watershed. Both river basins and watersheds are areas of land that drain to a particular water body, such as a lake, stream, river or estuary. In a river basin, all the water drains to a large river. The Mobile River Basin in Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, and Tennessee is one of the 59 study units that are part of the U.S.

Geological Survey's National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program. The long-term goals of this program are to describe the status and trends in the quality of a large, representative part of the Nation's surface- and.

Agricultural water is used for irrigation, pesticide External and fertilizer applications External, crop cooling (for example, light irrigation), and frost control.

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), water used for irrigation accounts for nearly 65 percent of the world’s freshwater withdrawals excluding thermoelectric. Ramesh, K., Elango, L., “Groundwater quality and its suitability for domestic and agricultural use in Tondiar river basin, Tamil Nadu, India”, Environ Monit Assess., DOI /s ().

Ramesh, R., “Point and Non-point sources of Groundwater Pollution: Case Studies along the East Coast of. This report contains the major findings of a. assessment of water quality in the Mobile River Basin. It is one of a series of reports by the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program that present major findings in 51 major river basins and aquifer systems across the Nation.

In these reports, water quality is discussed in terms of local, State, and regional issues. A correlation between the proportion of agricultural land in drainage basins and NO 3 –N concentration in river water was significant in this study, as has been frequently reported in the previous studies (Smart et al.,Neill,Tabuchi et al.,Jordan et al.,Cronan et al.,Sauer et al.,Woli et al., Abstract.

This report contains the major findings of a – assessment of water quality in the Mobile River Basin. It is one of a series of reports by the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program that present major findings in 51 major river basins and aquifer systems across the Nation.

As rural areas are removed from industrial activities or urban runoff that may result in the degradation of the quality of river water, lake water, or groundwater. However, there are still many exceptions.

In areas with intensive agricultural activity, mining, and logging, the impacts on water quality can be severe on rural waters. the surface. Clearly the long-term impact of current agricultural practices on groundwater salinity cannot be directly measured.

It follows that the ground- water contamination potential of proposed practices cannot be observed with short-term field experiments. Nonetheless, preliminary effects of. Guidelines for evaluation of water quality for irrigation are given in Table 1.

They emphasize the long-term influence of water quality on crop production, soil conditions and farm management, and are presented in the same format as in the edition but are updated to include recent research results.

the basin, and np is the number of time periods (optimization horizon). Equation (1) considers benefits from all water uses, plus the losses stemming from flooded river reaches (a negative benefit), plus the pumping cost of ground water supply (another negative benefit).

Quantification of the spatial and temporal dynamics of groundwater storage, and how it responds to short-term (e.g., pumping) and long-term (e.g., climate and land use) stresses, is prerequisite for formulation of plans for sustainable groundwater use (Maheshwari et al.

; Chinnasamy & Agoramoorthy ; Varua et al. ).This knowledge can lead to establishing sustainable groundwater. A method for river classification based on water quality assessment (WQA) was introduced using factor analysis (FA) in this paper.

Sixty-nine sampling sites and 20 water quality parameters in Taizi River basin were selected for monitoring and analysis. Five factors were determined in FA, denoted as general, hardness, trophic, nitrogen pollution, and physical factors.

Description Comparison between agricultural and urban ground-water quality in the Mobile River Basin PDF

The Ground Water Resources Committee, a subcommittee of the LAAC, produced a map depicting areas of ground water significance at regional scale (,) (see Figure ) to give decision makers the basis for considering ground water as a factor in land acquisition under the Preservation Act (LAAC ).

In developing maps for their. Get this from a library. Similar agricultural areas, different ground-water quality, Red River of the North Basin, [T K Cowdery; Geological Survey (U.S.); National Water-Quality.

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The Surma Basin, covering the eastern parts of the Bangladesh, contains at least 8 million people making it a populous river basin in Bangladesh. All these peoples depend on Surma Basin for their household, industrial and other purposes. However, the water quality of the Surma River is deteriorating day by day due to human activities and industrial.

In our everyday life we can easily see symptoms of river pollution. The floating dead fishes in our river, any coloured water in the river, or a bad smell from the river point towards river pollution.

If you see or feel any of these things in a river be sure that the river is a victim of pollution. River pollution can be due to the causes below. Chapter Page Far Field Dilution and Pollutant Distribution Farfield Dissolved Oxygen Depletion THERMAL POLLUTION General Approach Application TURBIDITY Introduction Procedure to Assess Impacts of Uastewater Discharges on Turbidity or Related Parameters 6.

Watershed atlas of India from the Central Ground Water Board provides quite detailed basin maps for all major rivers of the country. To view the map by Central Ground Water Board click here Central Water Commission also provides good overall basin maps for all the major rivers of the country.

Urban areas are primarily located along river networks in the Cao-E River basin. Therefore, urban effects on the river water quality were expected. Urban land use comprised a much smaller percentage of the Cao-E River basin than the cropland in this study.The N.C. Division of Water Quality estimates agricultural land use in the river basin contributes more than half of the total nitrogen load to the estuary, meaning that farmers are responsible for implementing best management practices on their land to reduce nitrogen .ii ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE Certified that this thesis titled “WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND PREDICTION MODELLING OF NAMBIYAR RIVER BASIN, TAMIL NADU, INDIA” is the bonafide work ofMr.